Types of grape


We want to show you the variety of authorized grape types

White grape

  • Chardonnay
  • Moscatel de grano menudo
  • Moscatel de Alejandría
  • Parellada
  • Riesling
  • Viognier
  • Premsal Blanc
  • Giró Ros

Red grape

  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Merlot
  • Monastrell
  • Pinot Noir
  • Syrah
  • Tempranillo
  • Callet
  • Mantonegro
  • Fogoneu
  • Gorgollassa

Varieties of native grapes


Pla i llevant PDO assesses and promotes the production of wines using the following types of native grape varieties:

Fogoneu

A highly important variety in historical terms as it was the most produced in the last quarter of the 19th century, when phylloxera attacked the French vineyards. It was the dominant cultivated variety until the first half of the 20th century. The wine exported to France was basically made with this variety. Its origin is unknown, but all known references comment on its presence in the Balearic Islands. Studies on the subject (Garcia-Muñoz, 2011) qualify it as a hybrid of the varieties (not currently grown) and very widespread in Mallorca in the 18th and 19th centuries. The leaves are hairless, small, pentalobular with pronounced sinuses, initially of a distinctive intense reddish colour. The cluster is medium-sized, compact and conical in shape. The berry is spherical in shape and blue-black in colour. Resistant to powdery mildew due to its thick skin. Budding is medium-late and with medium ripening. High production The wines that it produces are highly intense in colour with a good concentration of anthocyanins, but with difficult stability. Not very high strength.

Callet

Pla i Llevant’s most representative native variety because of the wide extent of its cultivation. Its origin has not been clarified, but it was created in previous centuries in the same area where Pla i Llevant is currently located. The first references to this variety date from the late nineteenth century. According to genetic studies, it is the result of a crossing of other native varieties and in turn descendants of other native varieties. The stocks are quite vigorous, with long branches, large pentagonal leaves and glabrous on the underside. The bunches are medium sized and compact with medium size and red violet grapes. Budding and ripening is medium-early. In fertile soils, it has a tendency towards extensive vegetative development and difficult ripening, its grapes generally showing little colouring. For winemaking, it is preferable to grow it in poorer soils. Susceptible to mildew and powdery mildew. The wines produced with Callet do not have a very high alcohol content. They do have a medium robe due to the low phenolic concentration, with interesting flavours with a strong personality and aromatics. In recent years, clonal selection works have been carried out that have improved and selected this variety.

Mantonegro

A red variety that generically derives from native varieties and the first references to this variety date from the late nineteenth century. The stocks are vigorous and are most suitable for clayey and loose soils. The shoots are free of pigmentation. The leaves are medium-sized, cuneiform, with lateral sinuses less marked than the upper ones. The underside is glabrous. The cluster is large in size, conical and with medium compactness. The grapes are spherical and dark violet in colour. Susceptible to mildew but not so much powdery mildew. Budding and ripening is average. It produces wines with medium, aromatic and balanced robe.

Gorgollassa

This variety was grown extensively in the past but today its production is less widespread. Genetically speaking, it derives from the Hebén and Monastrell varieties. Good vegetative development. Medium sized, cuneiform leaves with a cottony underside. The cluster is medium in size, compact and cylindrical in shape. The berries are spherical in shape and blue-black in colour. Budding and ripening is late. Production per hectare is low. It produces wines with a low alcohol content and good concentration of anthocyanins and tannins.

Premsal blanc

The most highly grown amongst the white native varieties. It had practically disappeared but was conserved on an estate until its growing extended to the entire island. A semi vigorous and productive variety, although it usually alternates between years of high and scarce production. Medium budding and ripening. The leaves are yellowish green with a cottony underside. The cluster is medium in size with medium compactness and pyramidal in shape. The berry is large and yellowish green. It produces clean wines with yellow colouring and green tones. Good aromatic quality. Not very acidic. Balanced. Low strength, excellent for coupage.

Giró ros

It is one of the latest varieties protected by the Pla i Llevant PDO. This variety was conserved on a Felanitx estate from where it was distributed to the entire island. Together with the premsal blanc, it is highly appreciated for the production of white wines. This is a very old variety with references going back to the eighteenth century. A vigorous plant with large leaves. The clusters are large and the grapes are not compact. Resistant to mildew and somewhat less to powdery mildew. Budding and medium ripening. It produces high quality wines that are aromatic, rich in sugars and have strong personalities. Very balanced.