The effect of climate on the grape

The density of plantation can vary depending on the terrains, varieties and systems of formation, between 2,500 and 5,000 stocks per hectare. The formation and conduction of the stocks is managed with glass or a trellis.

The climate of the area is typically Mediterranean, characterized by mild temperatures in winter and very hot in summer. The average annual rainfall is 450mm. The periods of rain are concentrated mainly in autumn and spring.

The vineyards of the Pla i Llevant area are under 100 metres altitude and practically at sea level. For them, sea breezes have a very important influence on microclimatic aspects.

The Embat is a soft, cool sea breeze produced on a daily basis as a consequence of the variation in temperature. The wind blows from sea to land during the hours of maximum sunshine and its direction is reversed, with less intensity, during the night. In the area of Pla i Llevant, in the warm season of the year, the Embat leads to moderate temperatures and determines cloudiness and, sometimes, rainfall.

Three ways how the Embat affects Pla i Llevant viticulture

It refreshes

The Embat is a thermal wind occurring especially in the warmer season. It has a “refreshing” effect on the vineyards of the Pla i Llevant area, which favours the ripening of the grapes.

It humidifies

The Embat is marine in origin, so it is a wet wind. This aspect has a decisive influence on the type of viticulture that is practised, since the works are aimed at exposing fruit to the air in order to reduce the relative humidity and thus avoid the appearance of fungal diseases. That is why “green pruning”, which includes the works of removing lateral shoots, clarification and pruning, is so important in the area.

It salinizes

The Embat is a sea wind and therefore provides berries with a significant amount of salts. This effect is more pronounced in the red varieties, since when the grapes are macerated, the components of the salt dissolve with the must. This aspect is important in the organoleptic characterization of wines.

All these characteristics lead to unique and special wines, demonstrating the quality and good work of our winemakers and farmers.